First discovered in Kenya, African swine fever (ASF) is a disease caused by a highly resistant virus in the environment, but also in food, affecting both domestic pigs in livestock farms or in the possession of small farmers, as well as wild pigs. African swine fever is produced by a virus of the family Asfarviridae, genus Asfivirus, a large double-stranded DNA virus. It is the only virus with a double-stranded DNA genome known to be transmitted by arthropods
The African Swine Fever virus is transmitted very easily, by direct contact with the animals, either directly or indirectly, when the animals are fed or cared for, by feeding the animals with by-products from infected animals, but also through the utensils. contaminated feed or clothing.
African swine fever virus is an extremely resistant virus in the environment, in all secretions, excretions, carcasses, products and by-products, semen, manure etc.
The ASF virus is highly resistant to the action of physical, chemical and biological factors:
- 6-10 days in pig feces;
- 10 weeks in corpses;
- 3-6 months in salted and smoked meat;
- 6-12 months in the body of ticks of the genus Ornithodoros and Rhipicephalus;
- 18 months in blood at 4 ºC;
- 6 years in frozen blood;
- several years in frozen meat.
When the disease becomes evident from the point of view of the clinical signs, the disease can have several forms: precocious, acute, sub-acute and chronic. In the case of the first two forms, the symptoms are the following:
Because the ASF virus is easily transmitted through contact with infected material from animals, but also through feces or utensils, it is highly important that all sources of infection be eliminated as quickly as possible.
Fast incineration of carcasses of infected pigs and disposal of infected animal waste, at the place of outbreak are the solutions for decreasing the risk of contamination. The use of an animal waste incinerator is a logical and quick measure, but also safe and cost effective. Thus, quality animal waste incinerators must be used in order to eliminate the danger of the spread of African swine fever.
An animal waste incinerator can have various burning rates, loading capacities, automation or other variable parameters, but certainly all incinerators marketed by Flextim, under the generic name IncinerPro, are easy to install, operate and maintain.